Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro (UAAAN) is a federal public university in Mexico dedicated to the Agricultural and Silvicultural sciences, and related disciplines (Entomology, Botany, Plant Genetics, etc.). It is located a few kilometers to the south of Saltillo, in the Mexican state of Coahuila. There is also a campus in Torreón, Coahuila. It is also called "Universidad Antonio Narro" for short, or simply, "La Narro". In 2008 the UAAAN has an enrollment of about 3,500 students in both campuses, all in agriculture and related sciences. Antonio Narro is the highest-ranked agricultural university in Mexico and is ranked 12th overall amonghigher education institutions in the country.
Actually UAAAN is the primary and the principal University in Mexico to providing human resources, and skills and technology, required for the sustainable development of its agriculture, defined broadly encompassing all production activities based on land and water. Research and education at our university spans the range from genes and molecules to biological diversity, animal health, sustainable forestry and food supply.
UAAAN provide an important public service, which dates back to University origins as an agricultural institution on 1923. Today, through its social service programs and industry partnerships, UAAAN disseminates research results and translates scientific discoveries into practical knowledge and technological innovations that benefit Coahuila and Mexico.
The Antonio Narro Agrarian Autonomous University (UAAAN) was founded on March 3th, 1923, after the philanthropist Antonio Narro Rodríguez donated his Buenavista Estate for a public agricultural university, which became the "Regional School of Agriculture Antonio Narro". The main objective of this university consisted on preparing young people in a professional discipline of agricultural work in the field. Two months before dying, Antonio Narro Rodriguez had bequeathed a substantial part of its personal fortune: his property in Buenavista and $22,000 Mexican pesos, the value of six urban properties in the city of Saltillo, for constituting a school of agriculture.
Over the years, the university college changed its name several times. In 1938, it became the Superior School of Agriculture (Escuela Superior de Agricultura); by 1957, then became a founding institution of the University of Coahuila; and finally, in 1975, it became Antonio Narro Agrarian Autonomous University by a decree of the Coahuilan state congress. In 2006, it became in a federal university by a decree of Mexican Congress.
Climate at the main (Saltillo) campus of the UAAAN is dry semicalid; there are occasional freezes. Temperature seldom drops below -2 °C (26 F) (once in some years). Annual rainfall is about 300 mm. Natural vegetation is short Chihuahuan desert brush of several species of Acacia; there are also Yucca spp., lechuguilla (Agave lecheguilla), creosotebush (Larrea tridentata), mesquite (Prosopis), and granjeno (Celtis).
The main (Saltillo) campus of the UAAAN occupies more than 4 square kilometres in a fertile valley a few kilometres south of the city of Saltillo on the Zacatecas highway. A substantial amount of this land is occupied by experimental and demonstrative plots including annual and perennial crops like: corn, wheat, triticale; vegetables such as temperate (Cruciferae: broccoli, cabbage), warm-season (Solanaceae: peppers, tomatoes), and others (squash, cilantro, onions, garlic, etc); pecan and pistachio orchards; greenhouses (growing vegetables and ornamentals). All agriculture must use irrigation; there is no dryland agriculture. The University also includes animal production facilities (barns for intensive rearing of pigs, cows, goats, and dairy cows, mainly) including fistulated cattle. There is also has a cattle ranch (Rancho Los Angeles) (extensively colonized by Mexican prairie dogs, Cynomys mexicanus); a reforestation woodland occupying 0.5 km² of pines; and a botanical garden featuring mainly desert plant species (cacti, agaves) and trees.
The UAAAN has several agricultural experimental fields across Mexico, encompassing climates from the wet tropics (Veracruz) to the Chihuahuan desert: Ocampo, Coahuila state; Matehuala, San Luis Potosi state (cactus botanical garden); Noria de Guadalupe, Zacatecas state; Cuencame, Durango state. Also, in the Sierra Madre Oriental valleys: Navidad, Nuevo Leon (potato), and Los Lirios, Coahuila state (apple).